Experimental Design
Biology 7610
Instructor: C. Ray Chandler

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There are many excellent references for experimental design. The following list is not exhaustive, but it includes sources that are useful for biologists.

Box, G. E. P., W. G. Hunter, and J. S. Hunter. 1978. Statistics for experimenters. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Campbell, D. T., and J. C. Stanley. 1966. Experimental and quasi-expeimental dsigns for research. Houghton Mifflin, New York.

Cochran, W. G., and G. M. Cox. 1957. Experimental designs, 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Conquest, L. L. 1983. Assessing the statistical effectiveness of ecological experiments: utility of the coefficient of variation. International Journal of Environmental Studies 20:209-221.

Cook, T. D., and D. T. Campbell. 1979. Quasi-experimentation: Design and analysis issues for field settings. Rand McNally, Chicago.

Cox, D. R. 1958. Planning of experiments. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Diamond, J. 1986. Overview: laboratory experiments, field experiments, and natural experiments. Pp. 3-22 in J. Diamond and T. J. Case, eds. Community ecology. Harper & Row, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Dutilleul, P. 1993. Spatial heterogeneity and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecology 74:1646-1658.

Fisher, R.A. 1960. The design of experiments, 8th ed. Hafner Publishing, New York.

Green, R. H. 1979. Sampling design and statistical methods for environmental biologists. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Hairston, N. G., Sr. 1989. Ecological experiments: purpose, design, and execution. Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.

Hurlbert, S. H. 1984. Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecological Monographs 54:187-211.

Hurlbert, S. H., and M. D. White. 1993. Experiments with fresh-water invertebrate zooplanktivores - quality of statistical analysis. Bull. Marine Sci. 53:128-153.

James, F. C., and C. E. McCulloch. 1985. Data analysis and the design of experiments in ornithology. Pp. 1-63 in R. F. Johnston, ed. Current Ornithology, Vol. 2. Plenum Press, New York.

Kamil, A. C. 1988. Experimental design in ornithology. Pp. 313-346 in R. F. Johnston, ed. Current Ornithology, Vol. 5. Plenum Press, New York.

Keppel, G. 1982. Design and analysis, a researcher's handbook, 2nd ed. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

Mead, R. 1988. The design of experiments: statistical principles for practical application. Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.

Myers, J. L. 1979. Fundamentals of experimental design, 3rd ed. Allyn and Bacon, Boston.

Potvin, C., and S. Tardiff. 1988. Sources of variability and experimental design in growth chambers. Functional Ecology 2:123-130.

Quinn, G.P., and M.J. Keough. 2002. Experimental design and data analysis for biologists. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Scheiner, S. M., and J. Gurevitch, eds. 2001. Design and analysis of ecological experiments. Oxford University Press, New York.

Underwood, A.J. 1997. Experiments in ecology. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Winer, B. J. 1971. Statistical principles of experimental design, 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Zolman, J. F. 1999. Teaching experimental design to biologists. American Journal of Physiology 277(6):S111-S118.

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