Biology 5446/5446G
Instructor: C. Ray Chandler

About the Course 



Lecture Outline


Species List

Web Resources

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This bibliography provides additional reading for each of the topics we will cover in lecture. These readings provide a great way to learn more about birds than we can cover in one semester. The readings in blue are required and have been placed on reserve in my lab.

I. Introduction
American Ornithologists' Union. 1998. Check-list of North American birds, 7th ed. American Ornithologists' Union.
Brooke, M., and T. Birkhead. 1991. The Cambridge encyclopedia of ornithology. Cambridge University Press.
Burleigh, T.D. 1958. Georgia birds. University of Oklahoma Press.
Campbell, B., and E. Lack. 1985. A dictionary of birds. Buteo Books.
Gill, F.B. 1995. Ornithology, 2nd ed. W.H. Freeman.
National Geographic Society. 1987. Field guide to the birds of North America, 3rd ed. National Geographic Society.
Perrins, C.M. 1991. What is a bird? Pp. 2-14 in The encyclopedia of birds (C.M. Perrins and A.L.A. Middleton, eds.). Facts on File Publications.
Perrins, C.M., and A.L.A. Middleton. 1991. The encyclopedia of birds. Facts on File Publications.
Peterson, R.T. 1980. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America, 4th ed. Houghton Mifflin.
Pettingill, O.S. 1985. Ornithology in laboratory and field, 5th ed. Academic Press.
Proctor, N.S., and P.J. Lynch. 1993. Manual of ornithology. Yale University Press.
Sibley, D.A. 2000. The Sibley guide to birds. Alfred A. Knopf.
II. Origin of Birds
Chiappe, L.M. 1995. The first 85 million years of avian evolution. Nature 378:349-355.
Chiappe, L.M., and G.J. Dyke. 2002. The Mesozoic radiation of birds. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 33:91-124.
Cooper, A., and D. Penny. 1997. Mass survival of birds across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary: molecular evidence. Science 275:1109-1112.
Feduccia, A. 1995. Explosive evolution in tertiary birds and mammals. Science 267:637-638.
Feduccia, A. 1996. The origin and early evolution of birds. Yale University Press.
Norell, M.A., Q. Ji, K. Gao, C. Yuan, Y. Zhao, and L. Wang. 2002. "Modern" feathers on a non-avian dinosaur. Nature 416:36­37.
Olson, S.L. 1991. The fossil record of birds. Pp. 79-238 in Avian biology, Vol. 8 (D.S. Farner, et al., eds.). Academic Press.
Padian, K. 2001. Cross-testing adaptive hypotheses: phylogenetic analysis and the origin of bird flight. American Zoologist 41:598-607.
Padian, K., and L.M. Chiappe. 1998. The origin of birds and their flight. Scientific American 277(2):38-47.
Padian, K., and L.M. Chiappe. 1999. The origin and early evolution of birds. Biological Reviews 73:1-42.
Prum, R.O. 2002. Why ornithologists should care about the theropod origin of birds. Auk 119:1-17.
Prum, R.O., and A.H. Brush. 2002. The evolutionary origin and diversification of feathers. Quarterly Review of Biology 77:261-295.
Wellnhofer, P. 1990. Archaeopteryx. Scientific American 262(5):70-77.
III. The Design of Birds
Bennett, A.T.D., and I.C. Cuthill. 1994. Ultraviolet vision in birds: what is its function? Vision Research 34:1471-1478.
Bock, W.J. 1974. The avian skeletomuscular system. Pp. 120-259 in Avian biology, Vol. 4 (D.S. Farner and J.R. King, eds.). Academic Press.
Hartwig, H.-G. 1993. The central nervous system of birds: a study of functional morphology. Pp. 1-120 in Avian biology, Vol. 9 (D.S. Farner, et al., eds.). Academic Press.
Jenkins, F.A., K.P. Dial, and G.E. Goslow. 1988. A cineradiographic analysis of bird flight: the wishbone in Starlings is a spring. Science 241:1495-1498.
Jones, D.R., and K. Johansen. 1972. The blood vascular system of birds. Pp. 158-278 in Avian biology, Vol. 2 (D.S. Farner and J.R. King, eds.). Academic Press.
Martin, G.R., and G. Katzir. 2000. Sun shades and eye size in birds. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 56:340-344.
Nevitt, G. 1999. Foraging by seabirds in a olfactory landscape. American Scientist 87:46-53.
Piersma, T., R. van Aelst, K. Kurk, H. Berkhoudt, and L.R.M. Maas. 1998. A new pressure sensory mechanism for prey detection in birds: the use of principles of seabed dynamics?
Proc. Royal Soc. London B 265:1377-1383.
Preest, M.R., and C.A. Beuchat. 1997. Ammonia excretion in hummingbirds. Nature 386:561.
Proctor, N.S., and P.J. Lynch. 1993. Manual of ornithology. Yale University Press.
Rattenborg, N.C., S.L. Lima, and C.J. Amlaner. 1999. Half-awake to the risk of predation. Nature 397:397.
Schmidt-Nielsen, K. 1971. How birds breathe. Scientific American 225(6):72-79.
Sturkie, P.D. 1986. Avian physiology, 4th ed. Springer-Verlag.
Waldvogel, J.A. 1990. The bird's eye view. American Scientist 78:342-353.
Welty, C. 1955. Birds as flying machines. Scientific American 192(3):88-96.
IV. Feathers and Flight
Dumbacher, J.P., B.M. Beehler, T.F. Spande, H.M. Garrafo, and J.W. Daly. 1992. Homobatrachotoxin in the genus Pitohui: chemical defense in birds? Science 258:799-800.
Hedenstrom, A. 2002. Aerodynamics, evolution and ecology of avian flight. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17:415-422.
Kerlinger, P. 1989. Flight strategies of migrating hawks. Chicago University Press.
Pennycuick, C.J. 1989. Bird flight performance. Oxford University Press.
Poore, S.O., A. Sanchez-Haiman, and G.E. Goslow Jr. 1997. Wing upstroke and the evolution of flapping flight. Nature 387:799-802.
Rayner, J.M.V. 1988. Form and function in avian flight. Current Ornithology 5:1-66.
Ruppell, G. 1977. Bird flight. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.
Weimerskirch, H., J. Martin, Y. Clerquin, P. Alexandre, and S. Jiraskova. 2001. Energy saving flight formation. Nature 413:697-698.
Welty, C. 1955. Birds as flying machines. Scientific American 192(3):88-96.
V. Systematics and Classification
American Ornithologists' Union. 1998. Check-list of North American birds, 7th ed. American Ornithologists' Union.
Cibois, A., B. Slikas, T.S. Schulenberg, and E. Pasquet. 2001. An endemic radiation of malagasy songbirds is revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Evolution 55:1198-1206.
Cracraft, J. 1983. Species concepts and speciation analysis. Current Ornithology 1:159-187.
Houde, P. 1987. Critical evaluation of DNA hybridization studies in avian systematics. Auk 104:17-32.
Hughes, J.M., and A.J. Baker. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic hoatzin (Opisthocomus hoazin) resolved using mitochondrial and nuclear gene sequences. Molecular Biology and Evolution 16:1300-1307.
Klicka, J., K.P. Johnson, and S.M. Lanyon. 2000. New World nine-primaried oscine relationships: constructing a mitochondrial DNA framework. Auk 117:321-336.
Lovette, I.J., and E. Bermingham. 2002. What is a wood-warbler? Molecular characterization of a monphyletic Parulidae. Auk 119:695-714.
McKitrick, M.C., and R.M. Zink. 1988. Species concepts in ornithology. Condor 90:1-14.
Patten, M.A., and P. Unitt. 2002. Diagnosibility versus mean differences of Sage Sparrow subspecies. Auk 119:26-35.
Sheldon, F.H., and A.H. Bledsoe. 1993. Avian molecular systematics, 1970s to 1990s. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 24:243-278.
Sibley, C.G., and J.E. Ahlquist. 1986. Reconstructing bird phylogy by comparing DNA's. Scientific American 254(2):82-92.
Sibley, C.G., and J.E. Ahlquist. 1988. A classification of the living birds of the world based on DNA-DNA hybridization studies. Auk 105:409-423.
VI. The Annual Cycle
Gwinner, E. 1977. Circannual rhythms in bird migration. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 8:381-405.
Gwinner, E. 1986. Internal rhythms in bird migration. Scientific American 254(4):84-92.
Meier, A.H., and A.C. Russo. 1985. Circadian organization of the avian annual cycle. Current Ornithology 2:303-343.
Rowan, W. 1929. Experiments in bird migration. I. Manipulation of the reproductive cycle: seasonal histological changes in the gonads. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 39:151-208.
Silver, R., and G.F. Ball. 1989. Brain, hormone, and behavior interactions in avian reproduction: status and prospectus. Condor 91:966-978.

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